Today’s agriculture markets are highly complex. Agricultural grain futures and options provide the tools the industry needs to manage risk and help put food on the table for a growing global population. Gain an understanding of the fundamentals that affect supply and demand in the grain and oilseed markets. Find out how futures and options provide critical price discovery and risk management roles for a variety of market participants, from farmers, ranchers, processors, distributors, wholesalers, retailers, traders and more. Discover the ways these contracts can fit into your portfolio.
Learn About Agricultural Markets
Agricultural contracts were the first futures traded in the United States. In 1848, farmers and merchants came to Chicago to set a price on grains, bringing life to the commodities markets. Today, the agricultural market is global; accessible electronically almost anywhere and used by individuals, farmers, commercial firms, large corporate companies and government institutions.
Grain and Oilseed Overview
Soybean futures began trading at the Chicago Board of Trade in 1932, followed by futures on its byproducts: Soybean Oil in 1946 and Soybean Meal in 1947. As the world’s largest source of animal protein feed, and the second largest source of vegetable oil, soybeans are one of the most important crops around the globe. Soybeans and soybean byproducts are the most-traded agricultural commodities, comprising more than 10% of the total value of the global agriculture trade.
Understanding Seasonality in Grains
Learn about Basis: Grains
Learn about Grain Convergence
How to Hedge Grain Risk
Understanding Grain Storage and Spreads
Overview of Grain Intercommodity Spreads
Understanding the Soybean Crush
Understanding the Grain Delivery Process
Grains or Oilseeds futures contracts represent a commitment to make or take delivery of the commodity at some point in the future. To avoid delivery, you need to offset or roll forward your futures positions before a contract goes into its delivery cycle. Most futures positions are offset or rolled forward, and only a small percentage of them are actually held for delivery.